Osteoporosis decreasing bone density
Healthy bones are critical to healthy living as they provide the framework for the body to remain active. A stronger body frame will increase our ability to keep functioning for a more extended period. The more activity we maintain, the healthier we will be on multiple levels.
As we age, osteoporosis (the decrease of bone density) can develop, leading to weakness in the bones and more significant potential for fractures.
Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMFs) stimulate the bones to continue bone development and replacement of weak bone structure without the harmful side effects of hormone therapies. PEMF also helps with the absorption of Calcium, critical to bone health.
Typical Bone Density Development
Bones density is built mostly during the adolescent years. According to the National Institutes of Health, 90% of girls will reach the peak of their bone mass by 18 years old, and boys by 20 years old.1 After this period, only slight growth will continue until the age of 30-40. Once middle age arrives, bone mass will begin to deteriorate, and osteoporosis will set in.
Bones are cellular structures, and like all cells go through a period of replacement, or remodelling. Approximately 10% of the skeletal system is replaced each year.(2) Within the bone mechanism, osteoclasts reabsorb weakened bone, and the osteoblasts lay down the extracellular matrix, creating new bone.
Weight-bearing activities stimulate bone density growth. This phenomenon came to be known as Wolff’s law. The mechanism as to how this happens is the piezo-electrical current created in the crystalline substance of the bone tissue by weight-bearing activities. Discovered by scientists as early as 1957, (3) it has been reconfirmed multiple times.(4)
Maintaining bone density
The effect of walking or running creates a piezo-electrical current that stimulates bone growth by the extracellular matrix. There are other factors, too, such as a change in hormonal levels which contribute chemical enzymes that promote bone remodelling cells. Some systems involved in signalling change are the thyroid glands and the pituitary glands. These release hormones and enzymes that signal the osteoblast and osteoclast to commence or suspend their activity.
The stimulation of bone mass growth is dependent on weight-bearing physical activity. It is why it is critical to maintain a healthy, active lifestyle.
Development of Osteopenia and Osteoporosis
Typically, as we age, activity is decreased, affecting bone growth stimulation, which results in osteopenia, and then osteoporosis. Osteopenia is an imbalance between bone resorption and bone formation, resulting in a decrease in bone mineral density, and is the pre-curser to Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone resulting from decreased bone mineral density or the thinning of bone density. Bone density is measured by two different readings – bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC). A decrease in density results in weak bones, which are more fragile and prone to fractures.
Hormonal changes in post-menopausal women make them more susceptible to osteoporosis. However, men are also vulnerable. Lifestyle issues can be contributing factors such as a lack of exercise, excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking and the overuse of some medications.
The most common fractures experienced by people with osteoporosis are in the hip, wrist, shoulder and spine. Typically, they are compression fractures, which can cause pain. Lots of micro-fractures in the spine can cause chronic back pain.
PEMF and Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis happens when bone re-absorption is greater than new bone formation. Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) have been known to be effective at stimulating bone density growth for some time, as they decrease bone re-absorption and increase bone formation.
An article entitled Bone Density Changes in Osteoporosis-Prone Women Exposed to Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research stated the following:
It has been concluded that membrane signal transduction in bone cells is modulated by specific PEMFs, leading to both short-and long-term changes in expression of differentiated function. The pattern of this expression, whether favouring bone destruction or accretion in the turkey ulna, has been linked both to PEMF exposure times and to specific details of pulse design… (5)
PEMF can not only prevent bone loss but also restore bone mass after it the fact, reversing the process of Osteoporosis:
Results of biomechanical and histological investigations prove that electromagnetic fields not only prevent bone loss, but also restore bone mass, once lost. A program was set up at McGill University of Montreal, where it was found that selected electro-magnetic fields increase bone formation. (1)
The periodical Current Therapeutic Research reported a study which indicated an increase in bone creation:
These findings suggest that PEMFs may stimulate osteogenesis, possibly by increasing osteoblastic activity, in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.(6)
That study found that bone density rose with an average of 5.6% during PEMF treatment. The same periodical reported the following:
A study led by Associate Prof. Dr. W. Passath and Prof. Dr. G. Leb of the Medical Clinic of the Karl Franzen University of Graz in Austria was designed to provide concrete data on the restoration of bone mass in post-menopausal females. A total of 36 female patients between the ages of 46 and 61, all with a decreased bone mineral density as defined by a bone densitometer, were treated during a period of 8 to 12 weeks. One year after the study, the average bone density had increased by 5.81 percent.
In another study, “Prevention of osteoporosis by pulsed electromagnetic fields” by Clinton T. et.al. of the Department of orthopedics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, increased bone mass of 12.3 and 9.7 percent are mentioned. (1)
PEMF is an effective means of treating osteoporosis, without the side effects of expensive pharmaceuticals.
PEMF and Calcium Uptake
Another area where PEMF is very useful is its ability to increase calcium uptake. As we age, our ability to absorb calcium has also been shown to decrease:
Evidence is accumulating for an important role of calcium deficiency as the process of ageing is associated with disturbed calcium balance. Vitamin D is the principal factor that maintains calcium homeostasis….
During the ageing process, changes occur in many factors involved in the regulation of calcium homeostasis. In both animals and humans, there is a decline in intestinal calcium absorption with age, resulting in secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone loss.(7)
During one study, the introduction of PEMF showed a net increase in calcium uptake equal to the introduction of parathyroid hormones:
These results show that PEMF exposure produces parathyroid hormone-refractory ostoclastics and has a relatively rapid effect on increasing net bone calcium uptake, putatively due to a decrease in parathyroid hormone or paracrine-mediated bone resporption.8
The study concluded:
Bone density indeed increases in animal models and patients who are prone to osteoporosis after exposure to pulsed electromagnetic fields. Thus it can be implied that pulsed electromagnetic field therapy can become one of the most important methods to treat osteoporosis and other related bone diseases. It can be used as a first line of treatment in these conditions. It provides a non-invasive, safe and easy method of directly treating the site of the body concerned and can save many people from undergoing surgery. 8
Coupling PEMF with the proper minerals and supplements can help regenerate bone density leading to the recreation of healthy bone structure. An active lifestyle can be maintained, stimulating natural bone density growth.
1 Osteoporosis: Peak bone Mass in Women. NIH Pub. No. 18-7891. 2018-10. https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/bone-mass
2 Manolagas, SC (April 2000). “Birth and death of bone cells: basic regulatory mechanisms and implications for the pathogenesis and treatment of osteoporosis”. Endocrine Reviews. 21 (2): 115–37. doi:10.1210/edrv.21.2.0395. PMID 10782361.
3 Torben Ejsing Jørgensen (1972) The Effect of Electric Current on the Healing time of Crural Fractures, Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 43:5, 421-437, DOI: 10.3109/17453677208998962
4 Russell T. Woodburne …, consulting (1999). Anatomy, physiology, and metabolic disorders (5. print. ed.). Summit, N.J.: Novartis Pharmaceutical Corp. pp. 187–189. ISBN 978-0-914168-88-1.
5 Frank Tabrah, Mary Hoffmeier, Fred Giblert Jr, Stanley Batkin, C.A.L. Bassett. Bone Density Changes in Osteoporosis-Prone Women exposed to Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs), Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Volume 5, Number 5, 1990. Pages 437-442.
6 Nicola Giordano MD et al, Current Therapeutic Research, Volume 62, Issue 3, March 2001, Pages 187-193
7 Vaishali Veldurthy, Ran Wei, Leyla Oz, Puneet Dhawan, Yong Heui Jeon & Sylvia Christakos, Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA. Vitamin D, calcium homeostasis and aging. Bone Research volume 4, Article number: 16041 (2016)
8 Aroona Devi Mudoo, YU Le-hua. Pulsed electromagnetic therapy for osteoporosis. Journal of Chinese Clinical Medicine, Volume 5, No. 4, April 2010. Pages 226-230.